Academic writing characteristics of civilization

characteristics of civilization pdf

For example, trade networks were, until the nineteenth century, much larger than either cultural spheres or political spheres. Social scientists such as V. It is usually obvious to the reader when a writer has not understood a word or an idea Conciseness — in order to write within the word count, you have to write concisely.

8 features of civilization worksheet pdf

There is debate over when this integration began, and what sort of integration — cultural, technological, economic, political, or military-diplomatic — is the key indicator in determining the extent of a civilization. New York: Routledge, In fact, some description or background information may be needed because you can not assume the reader knows everything about the topic. Note that a problem statement without the research questions does not qualify as academic writing because simply identifying the research problem does not establish for the reader how you will contribute to solving the problem, what aspects you believe are most critical, or suggest a method for gathering data to better understand the problem. The word-pictures from Uruk developed into the script now called cuneiform. We can only speculate as to whether or not the Maya developed poetry or drama that was committed to paper. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Huntington The intricate culture associated with civilization has a tendency to spread to and influence other cultures, sometimes assimilating them into the civilization a classic example being Chinese civilization and its influence on nearby civilizations such as Korea, Japan and Vietnam. There is still a third reason why the origins of Chinese writing are of interest: namely, the seminal and overriding importance of Chinese script in the general history of East Asia. Diction Diction refers to the choice of words you use. This is still the case in French. Any organization is a complex social system and a civilization is a large organization.

Others point to the Crusades as the first step in globalization. Another major example of Maya almanacs are present in the Madrid Codex. New York: Routledge, Further information: Cultural area "Civilization" can also refer to the culture of a complex society, not just the society itself.

Being concise in your writing also includes avoiding vague references to persons, places, or things. Literacy in China involved not only a profound knowledge of the written classics but also the ability to wield a brush effectively, either to paint a landscape, usually with a poem inscribed at its side, or to write Chinese characters in a way that conveyed not just their meaning but also their aesthetic vitality and the taste of their composer.

However, writing is not always necessary for civilization, as shown by the Inca civilization of the Andes, which did not use writing at all except from a complex recording system consisting of cords and nodes instead: the "Quipus", and still functioned as a civilized society.

Academic writing characteristics of civilization

Importance of Good Academic Writing The accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerable depending on the methodological framework and the intended audience. Civilizations tend to develop intricate cultures, including a state -based decision making apparatus, a literature , professional art , architecture , organized religion and complex customs of education , coercion and control associated with maintaining the elite. The Sindhi Harappan sites are sites characterized by elaborate architecture, fired brick construction, sewage systems and stamp seals. This area has been identified as having "inspired some of the most important developments in human history including the invention of the wheel , the development of cuneiform script, mathematics , astronomy and agriculture. Higher-order thinking skills include cognitive processes that are used to comprehend, solve problems, and express concepts or that describe abstract ideas that cannot be easily acted out, pointed to, or shown with images. Some people also acquire landed property , or private ownership of the land. Strategies for The transition from complex cultures to civilizations, while still disputed, seems to be associated with the development of state structures, in which power was further monopolized by an elite ruling class [42] who practised human sacrifice. Informal, conversational tone using slang and idioms. It is usually obvious to the reader when a writer has not understood a word or an idea Conciseness — in order to write within the word count, you have to write concisely. Take advantage of the Writing Center on campus if you need help. Other Harappan sites have been found scattered in the regions adjacent to the Arabian sea, the Derajat , Kashmir and the Doab.

Civilizations, with complex social hierarchies and organized, institutional governments. When presenting a position or argument that you disagree with, describe this argument accurately and without loaded or biased language.

10 characteristics of a civilization

Excessive use of specialized terminology. The Writing Center. The introduction should include a description of how the rest of the paper is organized and all sources are properly cited throughout the paper. Living in one place allows people to accumulate more personal possessions than nomadic people. This is particularly true in academic writing because words and terminology can evolve a nuanced meaning that describes a particular idea, concept, or phenomenon derived from the epistemological culture of that discipline [e. Needless to say, English grammar can be difficult and complex; even the best scholars take many years before they have a command of the major points of good grammar. These words can be interpreted as being used only to avoid presenting empirical evidence about the research problem.
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Characteristics of academic writing