Deciding what is and is not protected speech is almost always reserved for a court of law. United States It involves a determination of what can, and can not, or in the case of non-governmental efforts should and should not be expressed to a broader audience in light of given political, religious, cultural, and artistic standards.
Three major means of direct censorship pre-publication review, licensing and registration, and government monopolization are preventive in nature.
Consequently, censorship became more rigid, and punishment more severe. The first federal attempt to censor seditious speech occurred with the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts of under President John Adams.
A more subtle form of exclusion involves denying access, as when government officials provide information only to favored journalists believed to put an acceptable slant on their reports.
Vintage books, New York. It can characterize interaction at any level --from information an individual withholds, to secret rites of passage of pre-industrial societies, to the secrets of contemporary fraternal or business organizations, to state-held information on national security.
It never took effect, as three separate rounds of litigation led to a permanent injunction against the law in Many have argued that since ISP's would be required to block access to certain websites that this is censorship.