At the same time, democracies in the emerging world have encountered the same problems as those in the rich world. In her book Corruption in Americathe legal scholar Zephyr Teachout notes that the institutions of the United States were explicitly designed to counter the myriad ways in which people might seek to sway political decisions for their own personal gain.
Foreign leaders should be more willing to speak out when rulers engage in such illiberal behaviour, even if a majority supports it. Print Text Size For years, the residents of Oxford, Massachusetts, seethed with anger at the company that controlled the local water supply.
Yet despite these areas of transatlantic convergence, the United States still struggles with problems of political representation that are less pressing in Europe. The trick is to harness the twin forces of globalism and localism, rather than trying to ignore or resist them.
The biggest challenge to democracy, however, comes neither from above nor below but from within—from the voters themselves. The effects of inequality on democracy are complex.
Powell Jr. India pays off vast numbers of client groups but invests too little in infrastructure. Some Chinese intellectuals have become positively boastful.