Computer motherboard

Motherboard parts name

The Computer Cache Memory Cache memory is a small block of high-speed memory RAM that enhances PC performance by pre-loading information from the relatively slow main memory and passing it to the processor on demand. Jumper pins are small protruding pins on the motherboard. A computer has got two main chipsets: The NorthBridge also called the memory controller is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor. A CPU socket provides many functions, including a physical structure to support the CPU, support for a heat sink, facilitating replacement as well as reducing cost , and most importantly, forming an electrical interface both with the CPU and the PCB. Business PCs, workstations, and servers were more likely to need expansion cards, either for more robust functions, or for higher speeds; those systems often had fewer embedded components. Multiple slots allow for one or more memory modules to be attached. By combining many functions on one PCB , the physical size and total cost of the system may be reduced; highly integrated motherboards are thus especially popular in small form factor and budget computers. However, because of size requirements with most logic boards, the components like the processor and RAM in tablets and smartphones are soldered onto the board. What was the first motherboard? No, there is no such thing as a fatherboard when referring to a computer. Small wires from the front of the computer case connect to the motherboard to allow the power, reset, and LED lights to function.

Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems. Switches and Jumpers The Switches and Jumpers DIP Dual In-line Package switches are small electronic switches found on the circuit board that can be turned on or off just like a normal switch.

motherboard diagram

Since there is a motherboard, is there a fatherboard? Jumpers are sometimes used to configure expansion boards.

motherboard parts and functions pdf

Given the high thermal design power of high-speed computer CPUs and components, modern motherboards nearly always include heat sinks and mounting points for fans to dissipate excess heat.

This is why high-performance devices like the CPU and high-end video cards are usually cooled with heat sinks, and integrated sensors are often used to detect the temperature and communicate with the BIOS or operating system to regular the fan speed.

Usually intended for building new computers compatible with the exemplars, many motherboards offered additional performance or other features and were used to upgrade the manufacturer's original equipment.

features of motherboard

Expansion boards used in some older systems are called daughterboards. This chipset determines, to an extent, the features and capabilities of the motherboard.

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What is a Motherboard?