Fordism sociology

Fordism sociology

Although Ford was the first Detroit automaker to pay equal wages to whites and blacks, the latter typically worked in the foundry or in janitorial jobs. Post-Fordism about the image of workplace change that could confuse the deliberations of those vitally affected by the latter. Moreover, computerized product design and manufacture permits organizations to produce customized services at mass-production prices. Ford vertically integrated for two reasons. It is typified by a cycle of mass production and mass consumption, the production of standardized most often consumer items to be sold in typically protected domestic markets, and the use of Keynesian economic policies. The the hallmark of his system was standardization -- standardized components, standardized manufacturing processes, and a simple, easy to manufacture and repair standard product. Second, given the information processing capabilities of the time, plus Ford's skepticism about accounting and finance, direct supervision could more efficiently coordinate the flow of raw materials and components through the production process than arms-length relationships Chandler By the s, the rise of mass production had made them the largest single group in every developed country. Taking intermediate as well as final products into account, it makes one tenth as many different goods as GM. Ford created commissaries in towns with large concentrations of his workers, selling food at low prices, and provided loans to keep his unemployed workers off public welfare.

His most original contribution to the modern world was breaking down complex tasks into simpler ones, with the help of specialised tools. According to Womack, Jones, and Roos 31the mass-production system carried the division of labor to its ultimate extreme: "[T]he assembler The mass-production system rested on the presumption that activities should be simplified to the nth degree and controlled from above, engineering and administrative functions delegated to staff specialists, and the exercise of judgment passed up the managerial ranks.

Economies of scope were produced by exploiting the division of labor -- sequentially combining specialized functional units, especially overheads such as reporting, accounting, personnel, purchasing, or quality assurance, in multifarious ways so that it was less costly to produce several products than a single specialized one.

fordism and taylorism

In contrast to traditional Marxist theories, regulation theory does not assume that capitalist systems will automatically find a solution to every socioeconomic crisis; prolonged economic stagnation and social chaos are distinct possibilities. The tradeoff for these high wages, however, was a relentless increase in the pace of production.

fordism pdf

Centers of Fordist manufacturing, such as Detroit and the German Ruhr Valley, suffered massive disinvestment, leaving the vast hulking ruins of factories in their wake. The method of analysis of the French Regulation School, especially the work of Lipietz, is presented and critically discussed as a potential contribution to a much-needed Marnan class analysis of contemporary capitalism.

Reschenthaler and Thompson, Like many other industrial metropolitan areas that emerged in this period, Detroit was not so much a city as "a series of buildings held together by transportation and communications" Bucci, p.

criticism of fordism

These innovations made possible the moving, or continuous, assembly linein which each assembler performed a single, repetitive task. Some of Ford's other activities fit the definition of hegemony as a process of generating consent through persuasion rather than force.

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Fordism refers to the system of mass production or assembly line.