How to write a lit review for a research paper

what is literature review in research methodology

The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time.

Some literature reviews are both comprehensive and stand as a separate work—the entire article analyzes the literature on a given topic.

How to write literature review for thesis

Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Look for repeating patterns in the research findings. How to write a literature review 2. The following are some of the most important elements that a literature provides. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological. Project Muse humanities and social sciences Medline life sciences and biomedicine EconLit economics Inspec physics, engineering and computer science When you find a useful article, check the reference list to find more relevant sources. Before starting to write a review, it is important to determine what kind of review you want to write and follow the appropriate style and guidelines. Stand-alone literature reviews Literature reviews can also be written as stand-alone articles. It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism. The US National Park system became the dominant paradigm for analyzing relations between conservation, nationhood and nationalism. This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process. Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others. Here is a sample paragraph from a literature review about sexism and language to illuminate the following discussion: However, other studies have shown that even gender-neutral antecedents are more likely to produce masculine images than feminine ones Gastil, Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.

The goal is to bring together what is "known" to sociologists about your research topic in a way that sets up the "need" for your specific research. The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches.

Persuasiveness -- which of the author's theses are most convincing or least convincing? Pay attention to how authors have explained these variations.

Literature review sample in research proposal

What is the current divorce rate? For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. You will not need to address ALL of these questions in your literature review. Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? The goal is to bring together what is "known" to sociologists about your research topic in a way that sets up the "need" for your specific research. In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews. Let's say you want to see how the division of household labor affects the level of satisfaction that a person has with their partner. Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see the Evaluating sources section. While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating. Find models Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences.

Why do we write literature reviews? Let's say you want to understand why adolescents drink alcohol. This can get very confusing considering the large amount of publications that need to be organized.

Following Cronon, the racial and class politics of wilderness preservation was a theme taken up by several scholars in the late s and early s, who researched the material effects of conservation politics on indigenous and rural Americans Catton ; Spence ; Jacoby Take notes and cite your sources As you read, you should also begin the writing process—take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review.

There are many ways you can operationalize alcohol use. Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper Writing a literature review seems to be a bit more difficult than first imagined by students.

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Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper