The impact of us apparel brands on global retailers
World Bank Discussion Papers, no.
Was this page useful? Retail opportunity abounds for Western brand-name stores in China, India, and throughout many developing countries, but there is also opportunity for small U. Downside of Globalization For the small U.
According to the World Bank, one of the most powerful institutions of globalization, "the competitive intensity of the U. New York: Verso, Los Angeles Jewish Commission on Sweatshops.
Fashion industry market trends
New York: Fairchild, One is that the numbers of artisanal producers, especially tailors, dyers, weavers, and jewelry makers, have increased dramatically. Globalization and Its Discontents. This manufacturing has encouraged the growth of the independent apparel, furniture and giftware designer industry in the U. Bonacich, Edna, and Richard Appelbaum. United Students Against Sweatshops. By bringing publicity to the practices of the giant retailers, these groups persuaded corporations to pledge themselves to accept fair labor standards and to have independent monitors in the factories that supply their fashions. Often workers were not paid at all. Oxford: Berg, It has also made inexpensive manufacturing and inventory purchases available to U. Made-in-America sounds good, but Created-in-America is better.
Rather, the industry will increase its contribution to the U. Ethnic Style in Fashion Since retailers can lower their prices to consumers by lowering their labor costs, consumers have unwittingly participated in intensifying a system of competition among manufacturers that drives wages and working conditions downward.
Global fashion industry statistics 2018
References 4. Often workers were not paid at all. Out of desperation, people have devised means of surviving in informal economic networks. Gift and clothing shops have also benefited from the availability and low price of goods made offshore. Miller, and S. But then as a researcher, I also know that what consumers say they want is not necessarily what they actually buy. To meet a contract for T-shirts from the Disney Corporation, it had to reduce its profit margin and keep accelerating its production schedule in a downward spiral to closure. This "liberalization" means relaxing worker protections for health and safety, lowering and also enforcing less stringently the minimum wage, and prohibiting workers from organizing for better wages and working conditions. See also Sweatshops ; Textiles and International Trade. Africa Can Compete! Ethnic Style in Fashion Since retailers can lower their prices to consumers by lowering their labor costs, consumers have unwittingly participated in intensifying a system of competition among manufacturers that drives wages and working conditions downward. Helfenbein stresses that globalization is a critical factor when looking at these statistics. As a consequence, it says, "new emerging retail strategies" include "the drive to offer more value-oriented, low-priced goods to their customers, utilizing a global sourcing network that increasingly favors low wage, quota free countries," and the "liberalization of labor regulations" Biggs, p. Consuming Fashion: Adorning the Transnational Body.
Immigrants to the United States provide a labor pool for local versions of third-world sweatshops.
based on 44 review