Writing a literature review definition
However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below].
Purpose of literature review
Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write: Current Situation: information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue? Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. Reveal any gaps that exist in the literature. Components of the literature review The literature review should include the following: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration. You will have to evaluate which sources are most valuable and relevant to your questions. Thematic: Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time. Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. Revise, revise, revise Draft in hand? Remember our professional advice and be ready to prepare top-notch writing easily. It documents the state of the art with respect to the subject or topic you are writing about. Check out literature reviews of your discipline and examine them. Is the author's perspective too biased in one direction or are opposing studies and viewpoints also considered?
Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a section of the paper. You could also write why you decide to choose this specific topic. However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review.
Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Look for repeating patterns in the research findings. Now consider some typical ways of organizing the sources into a review: Chronological: If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials above according to when they were published.
Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages: Problem formulation—which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues?
This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study. It documents the state of the art with respect to the subject or topic you are writing about.
Does the selected source contribute to a more profound understanding of the subject? Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronology of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published.
Thematic: Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time. For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.
When writing your review, keep in mind these issues.
Importance of literature review
A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write: Current Situation: information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. Thematic: Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time. So the main purpose of a literature review is basically to be a sum up of all the ideas and insights in a nice, short and easy to read way. And in what order should you present them? Resources Definition A literature review is a comprehensive summary of previous research on a topic.
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